It’s Rembrandt’s birthday and we’re celebrating by looking at the beautiful and intriguing group of drawings he made based on a group of Mughal miniatures he owned. Enjoy!
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Four Seated Orientals Beneath a Tree, 1654-56, pen and brown ink with brown and grey wash, touched with white, on Japanese paper. British Museum, London
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Shah Jahan and Dara Shikoh, 1654-1656, pen and brown ink and brown wash, heighted with white bodycolor on Japanese paper. The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, The Emperor Timur Enthroned, 1654-56, pen and wash in Indian ink on Japanese paper. Musée du Louvre, Paris
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Emperor Jahangir Receiving an Officer, 1654-56, pen, bistre, and wash on Japanese paper. The British Museum, London
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Shah Jahan, 1654-56, pen and brown ink and brush and brown wash on Japanese paper. Cleveland Museum of Art
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, A Mughal Nobleman on Horseback, 1654-56, pen and brown ink with brown and grey wash, touched with red and yellow chalk and white heightening on Japanese paper. The British Museum, London
Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn, Shah Jahan, Standing with a Flower and a Sword, 1654-56, pen and brown ink with brown wash on Japanese paper. The Frick Collection, New York
Gaspard Dughet. Detail from Aminta about to rescue Silvia, 1635.
Album of Hawks and Calligraphy, by artist
Kano Tsunenobu (Japanese, 1636–1713), 17th–18th century, Japan. from album; ink and color on silk. H. O. Havemeyer Collection, Bequest of Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, 1929. MET.
“This album containing pictures of hawks—posed on boughs or rocks, awaiting their prey, and one with its prey already ensnared—was probably created for a young male member of the samurai elite, to instill appreciation for hawking and Chinese learning. The calligraphy, by an unidentified artist, is inscribed on sumptuously colored silk decorated with golden phoenixes, and the content is taken from a Confucian didactic text. Tsunenobu was a painter in the service of the Tokugawa shogunate. In 1650, while still a teenager, he took over from his father as the head of the Kobikichō Kano school in Edo. Hawking had become the exclusive right of samurai earlier in the seventeenth century, during the reign of Ieyasu, the first Tokugawa shogun, who was an avid practitioner. But between 1693 and 1709, toward the end of the artist’s life, hawking had been temporarily suspended by his primary patron, Tokugawa Tsunayoshi (1646–1709). Though Tsunayoshi was tyrannical in his politics, he was famous for his compassion toward birds and animals, to the extent that he made maltreatment of dogs a capital offense, earning him the nickname the Dog Shogun. Tokugawa Yoshimune (1684–1751), the eighth shogun, revived falconry for the warrior class, and authored a treatise on crane hawking”. Text and images via MET.
Set in a diamond frame, this miniature painting of Louis XIV is the only surviving piece of its kind. It was a gift by Louis XIV to one of his enemies, either the Duke of Marlborough, head of the English forces against Louis XIV in the war fought in southern Germany, or more likely, the Duke of Buccleuch, English ambassador to Paris. By the Swiss enameler Jean Petitot I, miniature, painted enamel with a mount of rose-cut and table-cut diamonds set in silver and enameled gold, circa 1670, 2.8 inches by 1.8 inches. (RMN-Grand Palais / Art Resource, NY / Jean-Gilles Berizzi)
Mieris. An Elegant Lady with a Mirror, 17th Century.